KW 44: Rivals in Libya agree ceasefire, Protests against police violence in Nigeria escalate, Election riots in Guinea

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Rivals in Libya agree ceasefire: Libya’s two main warring factions agreed to a ceasefire on Friday, raising hopes for an end to years of bloody turmoil that have drawn in military forces from Russia, Turkey and other regional powers. The two sides signed the agreement at the United Nations in Geneva at the end of a weeklong meeting of delegates from the internationally recognized Government of National Accord, which is based in the capital Tripoli, and the self-styled Libyan National Army led by Khalifa Hifter and based in the country’s east. The two sides agreed to a complete, countrywide and permanent agreement with immediate effect, said Stephanie Williams, the United Nations acting special envoy who was chairwoman of the most recent talks. She said it called for frontline forces to return to their bases and for the withdrawal of all foreign forces and mercenaries within three months, a process that would be monitored by the United Nations.

Protests against police violence in Nigeria escalate: The African Union on Thursday strongly condemned deadly violence in Nigeria’s biggest city Lagos and called on all parties to privilege dialogue. The comments came as protests escalated in Lagos, following the shooting of peaceful protesters by security forces earlier this week. At least 12 people were killed by the Nigerian army and police in two locations in Lagos on Tuesday in a deadly crackdown on demonstrations, Amnesty International said. Peaceful protesters had gathered despite a curfew imposed to end spiralling protests over police brutality and deep-rooted social grievances.

Election riots in Guinea: Guinea’s President Alpha Condé has won a controversial third term in office, preliminary results show, amid violent protests across the country. The electoral commission said the 82-year-old had taken 59.5% of the vote. The victory still requires confirmation by the Constitutional Court. His opponent, Cellou Dalein Diallo, said he would contest the result, alleging large-scale fraud. At least 30 people have died since the vote on Sunday, Guinean media report.

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Mass escape after attack on prison in the Congo: At least 1,300 prisoners escaped from a jail in the Democratic Republic of Congo early on Tuesday, the United Nations said, after an armed assault for which the Islamic State has claimed responsibility. A local official attributed the operation to an Islamist rebel group. But Amaq, the Islamic State’s official news outlet, said that Isis fighters had attacked a Congolese prison, citing a military source. The assault in Beni, in the country’s northeast, targeted the Kangbayi central prison and the military camp defending it, the city’s mayor, Modeste Bakwanamaha, told news agencies on Tuesday morning. The mayor said that just 100 of the prison’s inmates, who had numbered more than 1,400, remained, though 20 others later returned.

Rwandan genocide suspect in detention in The Hague: Rwandan genocide suspect Félicien Kabuga was in custody in the Hague on Monday after his transfer from France following a United Nations court order. Kabuga, who was on the run for 22 years until his arrest in France in May, will soon be brought before a judge, the UN tribunal said in a statement. Last week a UN judge ordered the transfer to the Netherlands, rather than to a UN detention unit in Tanzania, out of health considerations amid the coronavirus pandemic. Kabuga faces allegations of genocide, complicity in genocide and crimes against humanity.

UN report: Africa extremely threatened by climate change: Record global greenhouse gas emissions are putting the world on a path toward unacceptable warming, with serious implications for development prospects in Africa. For sub-Saharan Africa, which has experienced more frequent and more intense climate extremes over the past decades, the ramifications of the world’s warming by more than 1.5° C would be profound.

UN: Africa is dumping grounds for European used cars
Donor countries support Sahel with billions in aid
Sudan and Israel normalize relations
Six children dead after school attack in Cameroon


Summit meeting on Mediterranean gas dispute: Turkey’s Foreign Ministry has criticized a joint statement by Greece, Cyprus and Egypt that condemns Turkish energy exploration in the eastern Mediterranean and numerous provocations that they maintain are threatening regional peace. During a trilateral regional summit Wednesday in Nicosia, Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi and Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis had urged Turkey to end its aggressive actions. The joint statement also asked Turkey to accept Cyprus’ invitation to enter negotiations for an agreement on maritime delimitations.

Closer European-African cooperation through Covid-19? In a debate in the Journal für Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft (IPG), German Africa experts recommended closer economic cooperation between Europe and Africa in order to become more independent of the Chinese economy and Asian supply chains. It says: “The goal would be a solidarity-based multilateralism that supports a just socio-ecological transformation in the global South”. It emphasizes the common challenges and interests of the continents and expresses the hope that “a partnership between the EU and Africa could be an initial moment for strengthening multilateralism based on solidarity and for a global post-corona social contract”.

WHO wants to determine the number of unreported infections through rapid tests: In view of the high number of unreported cases of Covid-19 infected people on the African continent, the World Health Organization (WHO) is relying on the widespread introduction of rapid Covid tests. These are intended to help “meet the huge unmet testing needs in Africa,” said WHO Director General for Africa, Matshidiso Moeti, in an online conference. Contrary to the global trend, the WHO recorded a decline in new infections in Africa between July and September. This is attributed to low testing capacities in many countries on the continent.

Experts advise on lessons learned from the locust plague in east Africa: A locust plague has been raging in east Africa for months and is now threatening to spread to the south. Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Angola recently reported problems with the animals that destroy kilometers of grazing land and fields. According to an assessment by the southern development community SADC, 45 million people in the south of the continent will soon be threatened by food shortages. A lesson from the locust plagues in East African countries: there is often a lack of insecticides in sparsely populated regions that develop into hotspots for the locust threat.

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According to the China Africa Research Initiative (CARI) at the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) at Johns Hopkins University, the countries south of the Sahara owe 80 billion dollars to the Chinese state.


“Today’s peace agreement will strengthen Israel’s security and end Sudan’s long isolation from the world.”

US President Donald Trump on the normalization of relations between Sudan and Israel, through which the US wants to remove Sudan from the notorious in-house list of state supporters of terrorists.


Artist collective steals artwork as an “act of restitution”: An artist collective has stolen the Capri battery in the Oberhausen theater. It is a minimalist art object, consisting of a yellow light bulb and a lemon. The perpetrators wrote an email after the robbery and declared that they wanted to bring the object to the Iringa Boma Museum in Tanzania. The action is all about restitution – returning artifacts to Africa that were stolen from their countries of origin during colonial rule or looted during war.

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