KW 29: HIV-infected people have had a much harder time since the pandemic outbreak, Nationwide protests in Ethiopia, Ghana presidential candidate selects first female running mate for major party

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HIV-infected people have had a much harder time since the pandemic outbreak: The coronavirus pandemic is particularly hard on HIV-infected people, as many of them in the slums of Nairobi fail to make it to a doctor and money is lacking. The fear of infection is growing, as well as hunger. Many people have lost their jobs and are starving because of the virus. But people are also helping each other. Neighbors feed each other, and hot meals can be obtained once a day from the German aid organization “German Doctors”. The organization also has an HIV program. A head of the program explains that HIV patients in particular have suffered from the serious consequences of the pandemic, as they have great difficulty in getting to the outpatient hospital. Be it for fear of infection or due to the fact that some can no longer afford to pay the clinic ticket even within Nairobi.

Nationwide protests in Ethiopia: The murder of popular singer Hachalu Hundessa last week triggered nationwide protests. A total of nine police officers, five militia officers and 215 civilians have died in the protests, along with ten other people in the capital Addis Ababa. The country, which has been led by Abiy Ahmed since April 2018, is a multi-ethnic state. The largest groups are the Oromo, the Amharen and the Tigray. There is often tension between the ethnic groups. Singer Hachalu belonged to the Oromo, who feel that they have been patronized for years. Ongoing protests by the Oromo ultimately led to the resignation of Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn in 2018 and the takeover by Abiy Ahmed, who himself belongs to the Oromo. He received the Nobel Peace Prize last year for, among other things, the peace deal with Eritrea. But since he took office, the conflicts between the ethnic groups in Ethiopia have increased. Critics accuse him of not paying enough attention to the problems of the Oromo.

Africa’s population is growing rapidly: 1.3 billion people live in Africa. This number could double by 2050. The United Nations estimates that Africa’s share of the world’s population will increase from 14 percent today to 22 percent in 2050. The combination of a comparatively large population and high fertility results in such an increase, explains Frank Swiaczny, head of the UN Department for Population Issues. Niger, Somalia, Mali, Chad, Burundi, which suffered from civil wars and fought against the “legacy of low development”, have the highest fertility in Africa. Other countries such as Kenya, Rwanda, Ghana and the Ivory Coast have already reached medium levels. The consequences of the pandemic are still difficult to assess. Only from autumn onwards will it be shown when children are born. But similar to other pandemics in the past, Covid-19 will have little long-term impact on population development, Swiaczny said.

Ghana presidential candidate selects first female running mate for major party: Former Ghana President John Mahama has announced that he has chosen Jane Naana Opoku-Agyeman as his running mate for this year’s election, making her the first woman on a major Ghanaian party’s presidential ticket. The Dec. 7 poll will pit Mahama, who governed from 2012 to early 2017, against his successor, President Nana Akufo-Addo, who defeated him in the late 2016 election. Opoku-Agyeman is a former education minister and university professor. She became the first female vice-chancellor of the University of Cape Coast in 2008, according to the announcement on Mahama’s Facebook page. Scores of women including gender activists, market women, and some males described her nomination as a step towards deepening Ghana’s democratic credentials. According to Madam Hannah Donkoh, Opoku-Agyemang’s nomination also remained key breaking the cycle of male running mate and getting more females into mainstream political decision-making.,

Famine in Africa: The pandemic has further exacerbated the famine in Africa. There are many causes of hunger and malnutrition on the African continent: the locust plague in East Africa, droughts and floods as a result of climate change in Southern Africa, armed conflicts in the Sahel. And this is only a small selection of problems. These crises were only exacerbated by the coronavirus. And instead of pumping billions of aid into the continent, which in the long term is not a solution, it is time to call for an Africa policy that is about the well-being of the people, instead of focusing on limiting migration to Europe.

Prostitution in Senegal in times of the coronavirus
Conflicts in Libya
33,000 firearms in South Africa
South Africa had the strictest lockdown worldwide
Protests in Mali


18 years African Union: The African Union (AU) was launched in 2002 to replace the Organization for African Unity. Its predecessor was viewed critically for failing to address many of the continent’s issues, including poverty and economic weakness, and for its policy of non-interference in the affairs of its member states. It gained a reputation for being a mere talking shop. The AU came equipped with stronger administrative mechanisms, greater powers of intervention and an armed force equipped for humanitarian intervention. But all that hasn’t stopped it transitioning in the past 18 years into a more elaborate talking shop than its predecessor. This is evidenced by the AU’s failure to back a single candidate for the next head of the World Trade Organization, or even more embarrassingly, for the recently vacant UN Security Council seat. Resolutions made by the AU — which is largely dependent on European donors — are seldom implemented because some projects are too expensive to put in place. To try to solve this problem, some years ago, the AU set up a commission chaired by Rwanda’s president Paul Kagame to come up with ways for Africa to finance activities, such as peacekeeping. Many hoped African leaders would rally behind the commission’s recommendations outlined in a what has been dubbed the “Kagame report”. But apart from the Africa Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCTA), which has been signed by 49 out of the AU’s 55 member states, nothing much has been done about the rest of the recommendations.

South Africa’s crisis management is losing acceptance: Although the number of infections in South Africa is increasing rapidly every day and hospitals are increasingly reaching their limits, the original support for the state’s crisis management is steadily declining. Despite the hard lockdown in April and May, the number of new infections has peaked in recent days. South Africa is one of the countries with the most new infections worldwide. The lockdown was not used effectively to prevent this increase, explains Alex van den Heever from Johannesburg Wits University. The increase in the infection rate was largely a consequence of inadequate government prevention programs, and these shortcomings have now been revealed. People worry more about high unemployment and growing hunger than about the risk of infection with the virus. Most people in the streets are not wearing masks.


In Rwanda, the proportion of women in the national parliament is 61.3 percent.


“Time is not on our side in Libya. The conflict has entered a new phase: foreign interference has never been greater. This includes arms exports as well as the use of mercenaries.”

A spokesman for UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres.


Law to combat sexual harassment: Women in Nigeria have been protesting for weeks – with success. The government has now passed a law against sexual harassment at universities. Female students are often forced to perform sexual acts for good grades. That is no coming to an end. Sexual violence against women is a major issue across the country.

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