KW 03: Congo ethnic killings may amount to crimes against humanity, UN says, Libya ceasefire fails, Thirty killed in northeast Nigeria bomb blast

– NEWS –

Congo ethnic killings may amount to crimes against humanity, UN says: The United Nations have published a report on the conflict between the Hema and Lendu ethnic groups. A UN investigation found that at least 701 people have been killed following attacks involving the Hema and Lendu communities in the country’s northeast province of Ituri, between December 2017 and September last year. The attacks in the Ituri province have mostly targeted Hema herders, who have long been in conflict with Lendu farmers over grazing rights and political representation. The UN called on the authorities to strengthen the state’s presence in the region and to allow independent investigations.
news.un.org, france24.com

Crisis summit on Sahel in Pau: French President Emmanuel Macron and his counterparts from the Sahel region are due to meet this Monday to discuss military operations against Islamist militants in West Africa. Attacks on army positions and civilians across the region are occurring with increasing frequency. The overarching worry is that the crisis could spread further across West Africa. Security in the Sahel region is of great importance to the EU due to its geographical proximity. Meanwhile, political resistance to the French military presence is growing in West African countries. According to a representative of civil society in Niger, Macron urged his Sahel partners to silence critical voices against the military mission.
bbc.com

Libya ceasefire fails: Libya’s dueling factions accused each other of violating a ceasefire, just hours after the truce was agreed by the UN-backed Government of National Accord and their main rivals led by former general Khalifa Haftar. The Tripoli-based government warned it would respond harshly if Haftar’s forces breached the agreement again. Haftar had launched an attack on Tripoli in April 2019, but his forces have so far been unable to seize control of the capital. The warlord is allied with an administration based in the east of the country and is believed to have backing from France, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. However, the UN-backed government has allies of its own in the region, with Turkey recently deploying troops to Libya to bolster the government.
dw.com

Colonial tradition: Wigs in African courtrooms: Malawi, a former British protectorate, still follows the British legal system, with the wearing of wigs and robes a requirement for judges and lawyers. But last summer, Malawi’s constitutional court suspended its requirement that lawyers and judges wear traditional white wigs and black robes in the courtroom as an early season heatwave swept the southern African nation. Malawi’s high court is currently hearing a petition brought by the country’s political opposition seeking to nullify this year’s elections, which it says were marred by irregularities.
reuters.com

Thirty killed in northeast Nigeria bomb blast: At least 30 people were killed in the northeastern Nigerian state of Borno after an improvised explosive device detonated on a crowded bridge. Two sources with the Civilian Joint Task Force, a group of citizens formed to fight Boko Haram, confirmed the attack and the early death toll estimates. No group immediately took responsibility. Both Boko Haram and the regional offshoot of Islamic State, known as ISWAP, are active in the area.
reuters.com

Museum in Cameroon: preserving cultural heritage: Visitors can view over 1000 exhibits at the Blacktitude Museum in Cameroon’s capital Yaounde, the majority of which come from ethnic groups there. The museum generally does not sell its exhibits. But the objects are lent out to ethnic groups, so they can use them for ritual purposes. Museum director Christian Nana Tschuisseu is committed to returning objects to Africa that have so far been in Western museums. But there are also voices in Cameroon, such as Chembifon Muna from the Muna Art Foundation, who welcome the growing interest in African art abroad and want to promote African art export.
deutschlandfunkkultur.de

Storm in Angola after long drought nzz.ch
3 Americans Killed In Attack On Kenyan Airfield By Al-Shabab Militants npr.org
Secretary-General condemns attacks on UN peacekeepers in Mali news.un.org
Liverpool’s Sadio Mané named African Footballer of the Year for first time theguardian.com

– BACKGROUND –

Awra Amba: An Ethiopian community: Forty years ago, a guru-like figure named Zumra Nuru founded Awra Amba, a community in a remote valley in northern Ethiopia where society could turn gender roles, religion and division of labor on its head. Today, the community is thriving. Thanks to a dairy farm, a grain mill and three grocery stores, Awra Amba is economically successful and even has, among other things, a school and a library. Tourists can also book a stay at the village’s hostel.
dw.com

Child trafficking in Nigeria: In Nigeria, a whole line of business deals with the trafficking of children. Not only are babies kidnapped, pregnant women are often held captive. The young women are brought to big cities with the promise of work and then kidnapped and impregnated. Following their birth, babies are mainly sold to childless couples. In southern Nigeria, around 300 women have been freed from such “baby factories” since 2006. According to a Nigerian activist, there is high social pressure on married, childless women, which increases the illegal adoption of children.
n-tv.de

Bobi Wine: Rapper turned politician: Ugandan rapper Bobi Wine poses a threat to Uganda’s ruling political elite. More than two million people follow him on social media, where he continues to campaign for social justice and against corruption and youth unemployment. This makes him particularly popular with young people in the country. In 2019, Bobi Wine announced that he wanted to run for presidency. Bobi Wine was repeatedly arrested for his political activities, and his driver died when his convoy was shot. Nevertheless, he managed to get into parliament with 80 percent of the votes of his constituency.
sueddeutsche.de

– NUMBER –

More than 6,000 people were killed by a measles epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
bbc.com

– QUOTE –

“The EU cannot simply treat Africa as a market for cheap subsidized agricultural products.”

German Development Minister Gerd Müller talks about the planned EU-Africa Pact.
handelsblatt.com

– AT LAST –

Tradition and algorithm: Fashion design in Senegal: The Senegalese fashion designer Diarra Bousso is a mathematician who worked at Wall Street in New York at the age of 22. However, she decided against a career in the banking world and returned to Senegal to design clothes. She now lives in the US to study mathematics. Bousso uses algorithms to design the patterns of her clothes. In this way, she combines the tradition of handicrafts with modern means.
nzz.ch

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